THO2010DEM

significantly different from zero at 90 percent

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Unformatted text preview: RNTON: THE DEMAND fOR, AND IMpAcT Of, LEARNING HIV STATUS 1853 The results in Table 7 and Table 8 together suggest that overall, while there was no impact of receiving an HIV-negative diagnosis, receiving an HIV-positive diagnosis had positive effects on subsequent condom purchases. In the linear specification, the estimated impact of learning HIV-positive results on the likelihood of purchasing any condoms is large, although statistically insignificant at traditional confidence levels (Table 7, column 2). However, there is a statistically significant effect of learning HIV-positive results on the total number of condoms purchased (Table 7, column 4). In the nonlinear case, the coefficient on GotResults is statistically significant and large (Table 8, column 4): an HIV-positive individual who learned his HIV status was 37 percentage points more likely to purchase condoms than an HIV-positive individual who did not learn his results. D. Other considerations It is possible that respondents who knew themselves to be HIV-positive were motivated to purchase condoms solely out of guilt, believing (incorrectly) that the interviewer knew their status. If this were the case, they may have purchased only one condom as a token, keeping the remaining money. However, only two of all the HIV-positives purchased a single condom; and omitting these individuals or coding their purchases as zero does not affect any of the results. Although impossible to rule out, this suggests that guilt or shame may not have been a large factor in the observed increase in condom sales among HIV-positives learning their results. Moreover, if HIV-positives purchased condoms solely out of guilt or social pressure, this would mean that the results of these analyses are upper bounds of the true impact of learning HIV status. Another consideration is that the outcome variable is condoms purchased rather than condoms used during sexual activity—which would also contribute to the results being an upward bias of the actual effect of learning HIV-positive results.19 It is also possible that respondents purchased condoms with the intention of reselli...
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This document was uploaded on 01/28/2014.

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