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Unformatted text preview: RNTON: THE DEMAND fOR, AND IMpAcT Of, LEARNING HIV STATUS 1853 The results in Table 7 and Table 8 together suggest that overall, while there was no impact of
receiving an HIV-negative diagnosis, receiving an HIV-positive diagnosis had positive effects
on subsequent condom purchases. In the linear specification, the estimated impact of learning
HIV-positive results on the likelihood of purchasing any condoms is large, although statistically
insignificant at traditional confidence levels (Table 7, column 2). However, there is a statistically
significant effect of learning HIV-positive results on the total number of condoms purchased
(Table 7, column 4). In the nonlinear case, the coefficient on GotResults is statistically significant
and large (Table 8, column 4): an HIV-positive individual who learned his HIV status was 37
percentage points more likely to purchase condoms than an HIV-positive individual who did not
learn his results.
D. Other considerations
It is possible that respondents who knew themselves to be HIV-positive were motivated to
purchase condoms solely out of guilt, believing (incorrectly) that the interviewer knew their
status. If this were the case, they may have purchased only one condom as a token, keeping the
remaining money. However, only two of all the HIV-positives purchased a single condom; and
omitting these individuals or coding their purchases as zero does not affect any of the results.
Although impossible to rule out, this suggests that guilt or shame may not have been a large
factor in the observed increase in condom sales among HIV-positives learning their results.
Moreover, if HIV-positives purchased condoms solely out of guilt or social pressure, this would
mean that the results of these analyses are upper bounds of the true impact of learning HIV
status. Another consideration is that the outcome variable is condoms purchased rather than condoms used during sexual activity—which would also contribute to the results being an upward
bias of the actual effect of learning HIV-positive results.19 It is also possible that respondents
purchased condoms with the intention of reselli...
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