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Unformatted text preview: ng the condoms, rather than using them. To the extent that resale is uncorrelated with the randomly assigned incentives and distance, this would not threaten the internal validity of results. There were no differential effects of learning HIV-negative status on condom purchases between those who were and were not sexually active at the baseline (Table 9). There were also no differential effects of learning HIV status (either positive or negative) on condom purchases among other observable respondent characteristics. For example, although men on average were more likely to purchase condoms than women, there were no differences in the impact of learning HIV status on purchases by gender. There were also no differences by age, or ever having attended school (not shown). Learning HIV-positive or negative results did not significantly affect having discussions with friends or spouses about condoms or AIDS. Respondents were also asked about their attitudes about condoms. These attitudes were strong determinants of purchasing condoms; for example, those who “agreed” that condoms were acceptable to use with a spouse were twice as likely to purchase condoms as those who “disagreed.” However, there were no effects of receiving either a positive or negative diagnosis on attitudes about condoms among either HIV-positive or negative individuals (not shown). Thus, it appears that individuals learning their HIV-positive status incur private costs to protect their sexual partners by purchasing condoms. It is important to note that the effects are greatest among those who are sexually active at the time condoms are made available to them to be purchased. There is no statistically significant effect on the likelihood of engaging in sexual 19 On the other hand, the effects on condom purchases could be understated to the extent to which individuals may have already purchased condoms in response to the HIV test. Given that only 8 percent reported purchasing condoms on their own, this d...
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This document was uploaded on 01/28/2014.

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