THO2010DEM

26 it is important to revisit and challenge previous

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Unformatted text preview: about HIV testing and sexual behavior. With rigorous empirical evidence and a better understanding of behavior in Africa, policies may be more accurately and effectively designed to reduce the spread of HIV. REFERENCES Allen, Susan, Jareen Meinzen-Derr, Michele Kautzman, Isaac Zulu, Stanley Trask, Ulgen Fideli, Rosemary Musonda, Francis Kasolo, Feng Gao, and Alan Haworth. 2003. “Sexual Behavior of HIV Discor- dant Couples after HIV Counseling and Testing.” A IDS, 17(5): 733–40. Anglewicz, Philip. 2007. “Migration, Risk Perception and HIV Infection in Malawi.” PhD diss. University of Pennsylvania. Anglewicz, Philip, and Hans-Peter Kohler. 2006. “Overestimating HIV Infection: The Construction and Accuracy of Subjective Probabilities of HIV Infection in Rural Malawi.” Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, Los Angeles. Angotti, Nicole, Agatha Bula, Lauren Gaydosh, Eitan Zeev Kimchi, Rebecca L. Thornton, and Sara E. Yeatman. 2007. “The Fear Factor as a Barrier to HIV Testing: Alternative Considerations from Rural Malawi.” Paper presented at the American Sociological Association Annual Conference, New York, NY. Angrist, Joshua D. 2001. “Estimations of Limited Dependent Variable Models with Dummy Endogenous Regressors: Simple Strategies for Empirical Practice.” Journal of Business and Economic Statistics, 19(1): 2–16. Angrist, Joshua D., and Guido W. Imbens. 1995. “Two-Stage Least Squares Estimation of Average Causal Effects in Models with Variable Treatment Intensity.” Journal of the American Statistical Association, 90(430): 431–42. Angrist, Joshua D., Guido W. Imbens, and Donald B. Rubin. 1996. “Identification of Causal Effects Using Instrumental Variables.” Journal of the American Statistical Association, 91(434): 444–55. Arendt, Jacob Nielsen, and Anders Holm. 2006. “Probit Models with Binary Endogenous Regressors.” Discussion Papers on Business and Economics 4/2006. 25 There may also be scope for offering subsidies or incentives for other positive health behavior, such as remaining HIV negative, adhering to antiretroviral therapy, getting circumcised, attending prenatal clinics, or being tested and treated for other sexually transmitted diseases (Oster 2005). 26 Simulations...
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