Gayle martin 2003 some governments have even

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Unformatted text preview: ing (H. Gayle Martin 2003). Some governments have even suggested implementing universal testing programs, sending nurses door to door.2 * University of Michigan, 426 Thompson St., Ann Arbor, MI, 48106 (e-mail: [email protected]). I am grateful to Randall Akee, David Bishai, David Cutler, Eliza Hammel, Richard Holden, Erica Field, Edward Glaeser, Andrew Francis, Emir Kaminica, Larry Katz, Michael Kremer, David Laibson, Sendhil Mullainathan, Ben Olken, Emily Oster, Michelle Poulin, Mark Rosenzweig, Jesse Shapiro, Jeff Smith, and participants at seminars at Harvard University, University of Michigan, University of Toronto, University of Chicago, University of Virginia, Center for Global Development, and Washington University for helpful comments and discussion. I also thank three anonymous referees. I am very grateful to Jere Behrman, Hans-Peter Kohler, Susan Watkins, and the MDICP team for support, data, and assistance with fieldwork. The Malawi Diffusion and Ideational Change Project is supported by grants from the Rockefeller Foundation; NICHD (R01-HD4173, R01 HD372-276); NIA (AG1236-S3); the Center for AIDS Research; and the Center on the Demography of Aging at the University of Pennsylvania. Follow-up data were supported by the Warburg Foundation of the Economics of Poverty. I am grateful for financial support from the Harvard Population Center, Harvard Graduate Council, the Harvard Center for International Development, and the National Bureau of Economic Research Fellowship on Aging. 1 Richard Holbrooke and Richard Furman, “A Global Battle’s Missing Weapon.” New York Times, February 10, 2004. 2 John Donnelly, “Dire Situation, Drastic Measures: AIDS Testing Urged for All in Ravaged Nation.” Boston Globe, October 23, 2005. 1829 1830 THE AMERIcAN EcONOMIc REVIEW DEcEMBER 2008 Underlying the emphasis on HIV testing for prevention—and the large-scale expenditures on testing—are two rarely challenged assumptions. First, many believe that knowledge of HIV status has positive effects on sexual behavior that prevent the...
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This document was uploaded on 01/28/2014.

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