THO2010DEM

Given that only 8 percent reported purchasing condoms

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Unformatted text preview: ownward bias is likely to be minimal. 1854 DEcEMBER 2008 THE AMERIcAN EcONOMIc REVIEW Table 9—Learning HIV-Negative Results—Interactions with Prior Sexual Behavior Dependent variables: Bought condoms 0.024 1 0.047 2 OLS (1) Got results 3 had sex 20.043 1 0.054 2 Got results Had sex Constant Sample size R2 Mean p-statistic (got results 1 got results 3 had sex 5 0) 0.068 1 0.047 2 0.595*** 1 0.1112 1,260 0.17 0.23 0.46 Number of condoms 0.007 1 0.100 2 IV (2) 0.03 1 0.189 2 OLS (3) 20.141 1 0.453 2 IV (4) Reported buying condoms 20.029 1 0.028 2 OLS (5) 20.061 1 0.127 2 20.207 1 0.250 2 20.13 1 0.577 2 0.301 1 0.409 2 20.001 1 0.030 2 20.026 1 0.052 2 1,260 0.17 0.23 0.40 1,260 0.09 0.87 0.24 1,260 0.09 0.87 0.36 1,260 0.06 0.09 0.76 1,260 0.06 0.09 0.71 0.081 1 0.086 2 0.605*** 1 0.112 2 0.355 1 0.213 2 2.081*** 1 0.4812 2.196*** 1 0.502 2 0.023 1 0.033 2 20.041 1 0.058 2 IV (6) 0.194*** 1 0.062 2 0.058 1 0.074 2 0.204** 1 0.077 2 Reported having sex at follow-up 0.027 1 0.062 2 20.073 1 0.140 2 1,260 0.12 0.67 0.65 1,260 0.12 0.67 0.93 OLS (7) 20.013 1 0.066 2 IV (8) 0.068 1 0.148 2 0.247*** 0.189* 1 0.063 2 1 0.112 2 20.206** 20.137 1 0.088 2 1 0.129 2 Notes: Sample includes HIV-negative respondents in Balaka and Rumphi who were tested for HIV and were reinterviewed in 2005. Robust standard errors clustered by village (for 57 villages) with district fixed effects are in parentheses. Controls also include gender, age, age-squared, and a simulated average distance variable (an average distance of respondents’ households to simulated randomized locations of HIV results centers). Coefficients are either OLS or IV estimates where knowing HIV status is instrumented by having any positive-valued incentive, the total amount of the incentive, total amount squared, distance from the HIV results center, distancesquared, all terms interacted with gender and HIV status. “Bought condoms’’ is an indicator if any condoms were purchased from interviewers at the follow-up survey; ...
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This document was uploaded on 01/28/2014.

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