However the increase in the demand for condoms was

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: tirely among this small proportion of the sample: there were virtually no effects among HIV-negatives or among those who were not sexually active. Further, learning HIV-positive results increased the number of condoms purchased by less than two additional condoms (Table 7, column 4) and there were no significant increases in reported purchases of nonsubsidized condoms among all respondents. If these results were to be generalized to other settings, the effectiveness of a similar door-to-door testing program in increasing condom purchases (and ultimately in preventing additional HIV infections) would be a function of the number of HIV-positives who were sexually active and who did not already have an infected sexual partner. VOL. 98 NO. 5 THORNTON: THE DEMAND fOR, AND IMpAcT Of, LEARNING HIV STATUS 1857 Table 12—Program Cost per Respondent (Dollars) Average Percent Low High 4.54 13.57 1.66 22.45 1.84 44.06 0.1 0.31 0.04 0.51 0.04 4.54 11.75 1.66 6.76 1.06 25.57 4.54 16.15 1.66 22.45 2.87 47.05 Testing Transportation Labor Training Laboratory costs Supplies Subtotal Counseling and results Transportation Labor Training Supplies Subtotal 0.68 3.48 0.16 1.09 5.51 0.13 0.64 0.03 0.2 0.68 3.37 0.16 0.63 4.53 0.68 4.76 0.16 1.72 6.64 Selling condoms Transportation Labor Supplies Subtotal 0.9 3.33 0.64 4.87 0.18 0.68 0.13 0.9 3.23 0.18 4.31 0.9 3.48 1.06 5.44 34.41 59.14 Total cost 55.34 Notes: Costs exclude all research-related expenses. See text for full details. This is important to consider because the costs of testing are quite high. Table 12 presents the costs of testing, counseling/giving results, and selling condoms during 2004 fieldwork in Malawi, converted to US dollars (107 Malawi Kwacha per dollar). These costs do not include any research-related expenses (e.g., the incentives or survey costs) and the high and low estimates for any variable costs are also presented.21 The average total cost per respondent was $44.06 for testing, $5.51 for counseling/giving results, and $4.87 for selling condoms to responden...
View Full Document

Ask a homework question - tutors are online