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6-5 - What prompted the mass uprisings in both east and...

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What prompted the mass uprisings in both east and west during 1968? Did the demonstrators achieve their goals? What long-term consequences did the events of 1968 have?
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I. Divided Europe A. West Economic Miracle—vast growth 1. Marshall Plan—money funneled toward heavy industry, transportation, and modernization. 2. Economic Growth—caught up economically with the United States. With the Vietnam War, they begin overtaking the United States. 3. American Security—Benefit from American/NATO security umbrella. 4. Begin to question American policies. Anti-war, anti-nuclear movements. Economic prosperity leads Western Europeans to question the established order and many of the assumptions that had arisen during the post-war period. B. East Soviet Empire 1. Communist government—“people’s democracies”; Soviets impose communism throughout Eastern Europe. 2. Command Economy—economies that are centrally planned by the governments in Europe. The economies in Eastern Europe cater to the Soviet Union; they become satellite states for the Soviet Union. Everything goes through the Soviet Union. 3. “Bone without Meat” Low Standard of Living. Response to the Marshall Plan II. 1968 year of Upheaval A. Prague Spring, 1968 1. Intellectual Dissent—growing dissent against the communist society/governments throughout Eastern Europe. Parallel to student uprisings in the United States. Vaclav Havel , 1936—. Leader of uprisings in Czechoslovakia and current president. Prague is an intellectual center, idea of Bohemian, it is in the Bohemian area of Czechoslovakia. Was a reluctant addition to the Soviet empire. 1948, the communist party staged a coupe threw out the other members of government. Political history of independence survives under the guise of communism in Czechoslovakia.
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