comm review - 1 Factors that influence attracting and...

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1. Factors that influence attracting and liking are proximity (distance), physical attractiveness, similarity or opposites, matching hypothesis, liking (appropriate self disclosure can lead to more liking), repeated exposure, self esteem, anxiety, and isolation. 2. The reasons people enter a relationship are affection, control, predictability, support, and companionship. 3. The matching hypothesis is that we are not attracted to the most attractive, but to the person who matches our own perception of our own attractiveness, intelligence, etc. 4. The social penetration theory (onion theory) is based on the idea that relationships develop almost solely through self-disclosure. The four stages are orientation ( first meet some [superficial- hi how are you]), exploratory exchange ( not obvious information- deep exploration of a wide variety of topics), affective exchange (emotional quality, information less safe), and stable exchange (ultimate stage- deep innermost feelings). 5. Coming together Initiating- initial display of self Experimenting- small talk, audition Intensifying- increases nicknames, “we” Integrating- opinions, treat, common property (couple) Bonding- Public ritual, formal, social, public support Coming apart Differentiation- talk about differences. More “me/you” than “we” Circumscribing- less information, less reciprocity, superficial Avoiding- avoid face to face and admit avoiding Terminating- Summary statements, future apart 6. Relational climate is the emotional tone of an episode or relationship. The two types of relational climates are confirming and disconfirming. Confirming is good and supportive and acknowledges, responds, and focuses towards other. Disconfirming is impervious (ignore), interrupting (breaking in), tangential (go off topic), and impersonal (disengage- disagree). 7. Main relationship by… a) positivity b) openness c) assurances d) networks/ friends e) shared tasks f) supportiveness g) self disclosure h) spend time together
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8. Dialectical perspective is the sets of opposing or contradictory impulses that create tension between two people. The assumptions are that contradiction is inherent in social life, that these conflicts drive change and vitality, and that there is dialectical change. 9. The three main types of dialectical perspective are autonomy versus connection (independence versus interdependence), certainty versus uncertainty, and openness versus closedness. Autonomy versus connection is one of the most powerful dialects. Its needs are dynamic and frequently shifting and it tends to vary among individuals. Independence
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