Chapter 20 - Chapter Twenty: Driven By Growth: The Global...

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Chapter Twenty: Driven By Growth: The Global Economy in the Eighteenth Century Why is the population increase of the eighteenth century central to understanding the history of this period? What are the various explanations for the demographic growth of the eighteenth century? What was the impact of increased urbanization and healthcare on the demographic trends of this? It is necessary to understand the changing demographics of the eighteenth century in order to understand the history of the period because the changing demographics of acted exploitation of natural resources, politics and global economics. During the eighteenth century, the population of Europe increased from approximately 120 million people to about 180 million people. Population growth took two forms, dispersal and intensification. Expansion of nations in the old world such as Russia and China resulted in people shifting to the new frontiers and greater productivity which supported larger populations. And in Africa the moving population may also indicate overall increase in the population. Additionally Europeans were shifting around the world foreman Colonies for the purpose of trade which increased the population of those countries. During the eighteen hundreds, the indigenous population of the new world began to rebound from the devastation of diseases brought by the Europeans. In the new world population growth in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries had been due to the importation of slaves and immigration of the Europeans. However in other parts of the world, such as Japan, populations either stagnated or decreased. The Japanese population was concentrated between Osaka in the C. bay. The Japanese practice population control in occupation to new areas tended to be due to dispersal. England and France, two densely populated countries, also practiced population control. For some unknown reason the population of the ottoman and Persian (staff of aid) empires stagnated. The growth of factory produced products led to population shifts from rural areas to urban centers by people seeking work and opportunity throughout most of Eurasia and the new world. This was especially true in China, India, and Japan. And the European capitals also experienced intensified urbanization. Cities and towns also grew up in the new world, although central and South America had large cities and towns prior to European occupation, many of those experienced a significant drop in population as the indigenous peoples died. Particularly in the Spanish Colonies great European type cities grow. Other than the native cultures in the new world we bounding and no satisfactory explanation has been put forth for the old world. One of the reasons for the increased population in the old world may have been improved nutrition due to the Colombian exchanged and improvements in technology. However, urbanization led to poorer diets for people in cities, raised the cost of food, and increased disease. A second reason
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course UGC 112 taught by Professor Barry during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Buffalo.

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Chapter 20 - Chapter Twenty: Driven By Growth: The Global...

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