Background to Colonization of the New World - Aug 20 1 Why the Spanish and Portuguese came God gold glory 2 When worlds collide three distinct peoples

Background to Colonization of the New World - Aug 20 1 Why...

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Aug 20 1. Why the Spanish and Portuguese came God, gold, glory 2. When worlds collide: three distinct peoples brought together Europeans, Amerindians, Africans 3. Why the English came: Commercial incentive enclosure movement, wool trade, joint stock companies, theory of mercantilism Religious incentive: European and English reformation Elizabethan England, 16 century: Catholics persecuted Stuart England, 17 century: Puritans, Quakers, others persecuted Idealistic motives, religious and secular: to build a better world Adventurous young sons of nobility 4. Sir Humphrey Gilberts patent from the Crown in 1583 passed to Sir Walter Raleigh in 1584 Aug 22 17th century colonists rarely intentionally headed for NC came from other colonies like Virginia 16th England commissioned privateers (pirates) to raid Spanish vessels coming back from New World Giovanni da Verrazzano (French) was the first European to land and explore NC, gave detailed descriptions 1526 small spanish camp started at the mouth of the Cape Fear river, didn't last long 1580s Queen Elizabeth was willing to challenge Spain in exploring and colonize New World Sir Walter Raleigh connected to nobility half brothers patent to explore transferred to his name hire 2 men to recon the New World coast brought back 2 indians with them to England Was knighted by QE and began to plan next voyage to New World

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