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Lecture 7 - An Overview of Psychological Assessment Class 7...

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An Overview of Psychological Assessment Class 7- Psychology 433 Dr. Keith Dobson Department of Psychology University of Calgary
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Psychological Assessment Definition: The process of collecting information in a systematic, objective and empirical way about an individual’s functioning (cognitive, behaviour and/or personality) in relationship to their environment so that predictions and decisions that are in the best interests of the individual can be made. -psychological assessment is an iterative decision making process in which data are systematically collected from a person about their social, cultural and physical environments -based on an initial understanding of the problem, information is gathered so that the understanding of the problem is refined and there is an alteration in the assessment activities (cycle is repeated until enough information is obtained)
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Clinical psychologists frequently provide assessments for their clients—from basic interviewing and diagnosis to different types of psychometric testing. All therapy begins with an assessment. Many clients are referred specifically for an assessments. Assessments begin with a “referral question”. -psychological assessments are undertaken to address specific goals (ie. Evaluating a child’s cognitive abilities to determine if he is eligible for remedial services) -through the process of data collection, the psychologist generates hypotheses about the client and may therefore refine the initial assessment questions to examine these hypotheses -psychologists are required to be competent in conducting assessments (knowledge of psychometric theory, knowledge of the scientific and theoretical bases of assessment, knowledge, skills and techniques to measures different aspects of human
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Examples of Referral Questions 1. A person makes an appointment with you over the telephone for no clear reason. 2. Referral comes from family physician—man, early 40’s, complaints of cardiac symptoms, all medical tests are negative. Will you conduct a psychological assessment? 3. You work in a treatment program for psychiatric disorders. One of the patients is having difficulty following directions (i.e., gets lost on the way to group therapy, forgets names of staff, etc.). You are asked to assess and determine why this is happening. 1. You have a good questions. Choosing the right tools is the next step. Can start to speculate 4. Parents call for an appointment for their 8 year old child. This boy has begun bedwetting after 4 years of dry nights. Why? 1. Precise question – ready for assessment; pre-referral questions. You can choose different methods of assessment at this point 5. What is this patient’s diagnosis? Please differentiate between ___________ and ___________. 1. Differential diagnosis; biological or psychological problem?
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Lecture 7 - An Overview of Psychological Assessment Class 7...

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