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Unformatted text preview: ections (i.e.,
gets lost on the way to group therapy, forgets names of staff,
etc.). You are asked to assess and determine why this is
1. Parents call for an appointment for their 8 year old child. This
boy has begun bedwetting after 4 years of dry nights. Why? 4.
1. Precise question – ready for assessment; pre-referral questions. You can
choose different methods of assessment at this point What is this patient’s diagnosis? Please differentiate between
___________ and ___________. 5.
1. 6. You have a good questions. Choosing the right tools is the next step. Can
start to speculate Differential diagnosis; biological or psychological problem? Client has been on disability benefits for 5 years for
depression and does not appear (to the insurance company) All clinical psychologists practice according to a certain
model. Models guide what questions are asked, how the
interview is structured (or not), whether or not psychometric
tests are used and what specific procedures are used.
Most use some variation of the scientist-practitioner model.
Certain questions will only be asked by those practicing
within certain models—e.g., a behaviourally oriented
psychologists would not asked about ego function or
unconscious conflict and would not use certain kinds of test
procedures. Certain tests have inherent theoretical bases. Steps in Assessment
This process can be viewed as a “mini-experiment” or singlesubject study. It involves a series of steps:
Ø What is the question to be answered? (hypothesis) Ø Planning data collection (methodology) Ø Collecting the data (interview and testing) Ø Scoring and interpreting the data (data analysis) Ø Communication of assessment results (writing and
publishing the study) Similar to an experiment, where you have:
1. Hypothesis 2. Method 3. Data collection Levels of Inference
Ø Level I—closest to the data—descriptive Ø Level II—descriptive generalization—infer that behavious
observed during assessment are characteristic of the
individual in other settings. With a theoretical construct, an
inference is made about the client’s internal functioning (e.g.,
behaviour signifying depression) Ø Level III—inferences attempt to develop an integrated,
consistent, unified understanding of the client ba...
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