Soc Lec Final Study Notes - DEVIANCE The recognized violation of cultural norms Not conforming to the norm Sociology looks at the structural aspects not

Soc Lec Final Study Notes - DEVIANCE The recognized...

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DEVIANCE The recognized violation of cultural norms Not conforming to the norm Sociology looks at the structural aspects, not the psychological Problem of the Definition: Objective View : presence of certain characteristics defines deviance (very clear) Dualism that operates (either this or this) Subjective View : no shared, observable characteristics that defines what or who is deviant Only becomes deviant when socially defined as such Objectivists: 4 characteristics Statistical Rarity – something that’s rare (ex. Usain Bolt) Societal Harm – physical or emotional harm to individuals or harm to the larger society (ex. Drugs) Societal Reaction – if public reaction is negative, then something/someone must be deviant Normative Violation – certain behaviours that are perceived to be deviant “Moral absolutists” – this objective characteristics will be inherent in their behaviour (universal) Subjectivists Social Typing Process: (it’s about perception) Description: Label gets created, and gets placed on an individual perceived to have the behaviour/characteristics Evaluation : judgment gets applied to individual based on the label Prescription : what you are going to do with them, it is about social control “Moral Relativists” Deviance Rule-making and rule breaking involves social power Deviance varies from time to time, place to place, and group to group Functions of Deviance Unite People: unites us vs them Moral Holiday: blow off steam Provide scapegoats: blame group in society Sets moral boundaries: guidelines, can/cannot do Mark bottom layer of society: people work hard to avoid this level Warning sign: problems in society that inspire change Social change: norms/values in society dictate laws THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES Functionalism Stability and consensus are key Deviance eufuntion: is accommodated, positive deviance Deviance dysfunction: instability (fix it) Anomie – strain A feeling of normlessness or an absence of social regulation of behaviour Merton adds non-achievement causes anomie Merton's differential opportunity – seeking through illegitimate means Deviance depends on structure of society Media tells us cultural goals (most require money) Institutional means lead to success status (not everyone has access to these means)
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Strain between out culture's emphasis on money and access of money to society leads to crime Merton's Strain Theory of Deviance – Conformity ACCEPT REJECT ACCEPT Conformity Innovation: screw the “way to do it”, use deviant means to achieve goals REJECT Ritualism: give up on reaching goals but always follows rules Retreatism: double failures Revolutionaries: active retreatists advocating a new system Summary – Structural Functionalist 1.
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