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reference not based on adult authority.
It assumes great influence in adolescence (when
emotional, social, and economic independence begin
PeerPeer-group influence is tempered by parental
influence, as parents control scarce and valued
resources 3 School
Teaches about: Importance:
Rules, rights, responsibilities
Reinforcement of self-concept &
self“academic self-images” developed.
selfprovision of social life
filtering of occupational choices
promotes values, norms of society; e.g.,
middlemiddle-class children learn to value
academic achievement. Hidden
Hidden curriculum: unspoken norms
transmitted by schooling, such as
competition, individualism, obedience,
Affects Social Reproduction How many TVs are in your
Transmits values, behaviours, & definitions of social
reality – integration function
Reflects social relations; Socializes audience
Feminist critique: contributes to gender stereotyping 4.
defining social reality as violent
Mc Williams - Notel 6.
6+ 14% 1 14% 2 14% 14% 14% 3 4 5 14% 14% 6 7 4 Do you watch your favourite
shows in company or alone?
2. With others
Alone 50% 50% Changes in media use:
increasingly a solitary,
not a social activity
Digital divide: class /
in digital media use, both
within and between
societies. 1 2 Workplace
– – Learning to behave appropriately within
occupational setting fundamental aspect of human
Socialization in workplace involves four phases:
Continuous commitment Socialization Outcomes
Socialization reproduces gender,
race, and class distinctions 5 Reproduction of Gender Mechanisms of Gender Socialization “Nature
“Nature vs nurture” debate: 1) Studies
Studies of infants and young children - few
behaviours that consistently diffe...
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