Lecture 5 Socialization

G eg bandura on childrens imitation of violence

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Unformatted text preview: : learning through identification or reinforcement e.g., e.g., Bandura on children’s imitation of violence “Perception of “Perception of our appearance to other person; perception of his judgment of that appearance; appearance; and some sort of selfselffeeling, such as pride or mortification” RoleRole-taking Mead Mead: the ‘Self’ consists of The I (the spontaneous, creative, unique self) The The Me (the socially defined self, internalized norms and values) Development Development of ‘Self’ 3 Stages Stages Preparatory = mimic behaviour without Pre understanding Play Play = takes role of “significant others” Game Game = learning –take role of several others at once 8 Social Psychological Perspective Becoming Becoming socialized is moving from “I” (spontaneous) to “Me” (reflective) Generalized Generalized other: a person internalizes general social expectations by imagining how any number of others will act and react. Psychological Theories of Socialization Piaget Piaget Cognitive Cognitive theory of development Stages Stages humans progress through as the self develops include: Sensorimotor Sensorimotor Preoperational Preoperational Concrete Concrete operational Formal Formal operational Social Social interaction key to development Goffman: Goffman: Presentation of the Self Impression Impression Management: slanted slanted presentation of self FaceFace-work: “alterity” alterity” – need to maintain proper image Freud Elements Elements of personality: The The id (basic instincts) The superego The superego (internalized (internalized values) The The ego (also developed socially, mediates between the id and the superego) 9...
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