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Exam2studyguidespring08[1] - Learning and Adaptation The...

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Learning and Adaptation: The Role of Experience Learning Objectives 6.1 Define learning. 6.2 Describe the work of Pavlov in establishing the foundations of classical conditioning. 6.3 Describe the principles of acquisition, extinction, and spontaneous recovery as they apply in classical conditioning. 6.4 Differentiate among unconditioned and conditioned stimuli and responses. 6.5 Describe how the principles of classical conditioning can be used to explain the acquisition and treatment of fears and phobias, attraction or aversion to specific stimuli, and physical symptoms with no medical cause. 6.6 Contrast classical and operant conditioning. 6.7 Describe the work of Thorndike and Skinner in establishing the foundations of operant conditioning. 6.8 Differentiate among positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, aversive punishment, response cost, and operant extinction. 6.9 Describe the effect of delayed versus immediate consequences upon learning as well as learning situations that involve reciprocal consequences.
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