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Unformatted text preview: browsers download only two resources at a Ome from a given hostname, as suggested in the HTTP/1.1 specificaOon –  However, some browsers open more than two connecOons per hostname •  To reduce the number of HTTP requests –  Combine scripts –  Combine style sheets –  Combine images into an image map <img usemap=“map1” border=0 src=“/images/imagemap.gif”> <map name=“map1”> <area shape=“rect” coords=“0,0,31,31” href=“home.html” title=“Home”> ... </map> –  Combine images using “sprites” (see next slide) •  Drawbacks –  Images must be conOguous –  Defining area coordinates is error prone Copyright 2009 - 2013 Horowitz 12 CSS Sprites •  An image sprite is a collecOon of images put into a single image •  Using images sprites reduces the number of server requests and saves bandwidth •  Consider img_navsprites.gif which includes 3 separate images The code <!DOCTYPE html> <html><head><style> img.home { width:46px; height:44px; background:url(img_navsprites.gif) img.next { width:43px ; height:44px; background:url(img_navsprites.gif) </style></head> <body> <img class="home" src="img_trans.gif" width="1" <br><br> <img class="next" src="img_trans.gif" width="1" </body></html> •  •  0 0; } -91px 0; } height="1" /> height="1" /> width:46px;height:44px; - Defines the porOon of the image we want to use background:url(img_navsprites.gif) 0 0; - Defines the background image and its posiOon (leo 0px, top 0px) Copyright 2009 - 2013 Horowitz 13 Rule 2: Use a CDN...
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This note was uploaded on 01/29/2014 for the course CSCI 571 taught by Professor Papa during the Spring '07 term at USC.

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