Ant 215 Test#4 - Ant 215 Test #4 Notes Characteristics of...

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Ant 215 Test #4 Notes 20/03/2008 09:08:00 Characteristics of Civilization Food Surplus o No available labor force w/o food surplus o Not subsistence o All civilizations rely on agricultural base Large, Dense Population o Labor pool required o Urban centers = cities o Results in challenges Social Stratification o Society into levels o Born into it o Role, status, wealth and power defined by this o Burials as indicators Formal Government o “specialized decision making organization w/ a monopoly of force” o taxes, laws, rulers Labor Specialization o People devote time to specialty not subsistence o Only where surplus Record Keeping o Food and labor use and surplus’ o Record history o Reinforce legitimacy Early Cultural Complexity
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The Ubaid Period: 5300-4100 BC o Agriculture based on irrigation on floodplains of Tigris and Euphrates o Few resources o Appear w/o previous
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course ANT 215 taught by Professor Borders during the Winter '08 term at Grand Valley State University.

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Ant 215 Test#4 - Ant 215 Test #4 Notes Characteristics of...

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