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HIS1285ZimMidRev1 - HIS 1285 The Holocaust Professor...

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HIS 1285 – The Holocaust Fall 2003 Professor Zimmerman Midterm Essay Review Questions Downloaded from: www.yumesorah.com Page 1 of 12 HIS1285ZimMidRev1.pdf Please Note: These are Questions compiled by various students. Table of Contents: Question #1 – Pages 1-5 Question #2 – Pages 5-6 Question #3 – Pages 6-7 Question #4 – Pages 7-10 Question #5 – Pages 10-12 Yosef Galanti Holocaust Midterm Review HIS 1285 Question #1 Did Antisemitism represent merely a continuation of age-old Christian anti- Judaism, or was it a new phenomenon? Modern antisemitism was a new phenomenon in terms of its bias against Jews, but it utilized many of the age-old means of Christian anti-Judaism to reach its desired goal. Christian anti-Judaism was a theological bias against the Jewish People that led to physical and cultural cruelty against Jews because of government allegiance to Christendom. In Christian lands, Jews were barred from many types of employment, and enjoyed an inferior legal status, to propel the notion of the “wandering Jew,” that they were destined to be a nation among nations and could not be considered Frenchmen, Germans, etc… Jews were also subject to pogroms, libels, and other acts of cruelty, which would be used by modern antisemitism to incite ravaging mobs for the sole purpose of lowering their status further in the eyes of the average countryman of these lands. With reference to specific antisemitic thinkers and their writings, what in your view was new about modern antisemitism? New in the antisemitic scene, was the dropping of the theological bias against Jews, and the rise of a racial/national, political, and conspiratorial bias against them. With the secularization and democratization (note: Dr. Zimmerman used this word, so I’m assuming that it actually is a word) of the major countries in Europe by 1871 came the separation of church and state, which must have seemed like a Godsend to the Jews of those countries, because it hampered the ability of the government to hold a religious bias against them. However, the hate only shifted into a slightly different form, in which the government used the Jews as a political and racial scapegoat for any and all of the problems in those countries. In my opinion, the biggest difference between Christian anti-Judaism and modern antisemitism is that in the former the Jews had a way to dodge the cruelties placed against them through conversion to the Christian faith, or to be expelled and face the open road leading to another host country promoting Jewish freedom. Modern antisemitism (taken as a whole, including all forms: political, racial, and conspiratorial), on the other hand,
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HIS 1285 – The Holocaust Fall 2003 Professor Zimmerman Midterm Essay Review Questions Downloaded from: www.yumesorah.com Page 2 of 12 HIS1285ZimMidRev1.pdf provided no answer to the “Jewish Problem” in the long run other than extermination .
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