HIS1285ZimMidRev3

HIS1285ZimMidRev3 - HIS 1285 The Holocaust Professor...

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HIS 1285 – The Holocaust Fall 2003 Professor Zimmerman Identifications for the Midterm Downloaded from: www.yumesorah.com Page 1 of 4 HIS1285ZimMidRev3.pdf 1) Declaration of the rights of man and citizen: The French National Assembly wrote the "Declaration of the Rights of man and Citizen" after the fall of the Bastille on July 14, 1789 during the French Revolution, when they were trying to dismantle France's feudal monarchy. The document sought to give all men freedom and equal rights, regardless of social distinctions or religious convictions. It declared all men equal, separated church and state, gave free speech = natural rights. This began a period of Emancipation that was influenced by the Declaration of Independence. This was a new concept to the Jews, that they were treated equally and that they had the right to do what they wanted without any distinction, which led to Jews becoming more assimilated and a bigger part of society and business. 2) Willhelm Marr: Coined the term “anti-Semitism” as a racial category as opposed to Jewish or religious when he founded the ‘League of anti-Semites. This was the first effort at creating a popular political movement based on anti-Semitism. The term was a semantic cover for an anti-Jewish movement. The belief was that there is a Jewish desire was to conquer the world. In the program of the League of Anti-Semites, he wrote that the aim of this political party is “saving our German fatherland from complete Judaisation.” They will achieve this goal “by strictly legal methods, by opposing…the further displacement of Germanism by Judaism…to force the Semites back into a position corresponding to their numerical strength.” Also in his book, The Victory of Judaism over Germandom, he refers to Jews as “Semitic peoples”, “the Jewish Nation”, and “Semites,” thereby furthering the idea that they are a separate people, similar to racial anti-Semitism. He has turned it from a religious battle into a national one. 3) George Ritter von Schonerer: Socialist who led the left-wing German Nationalists anti-Semitic movement in Austrian Parliament. Advocated the unity of German-Austria with Germany and the exercise of German supremacy over mixture of nationalities, and had idea of expelling Jews. Hitler learned the idea of “German Nationalism” from him. Believed in the conspiracy of Judaism. This was significant b/c it was beginning of notion of having a complete German state. 4) Karl Duehring: German Philosopher. Wrote book in 1881 and posed the ideas that “the question of the Jew is a Question of Race” and “A Jewish question would exist even if every Jew were to turn his back on his religion…” This idea meant that the Jew should not be defined by religion but by race.
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