Unformatted text preview: of that response reoccurring
B-Beyond freedom and dignity
-1-freedom-ability to choose bhv. from env.
-a-Skinner doesn’t believe this
-2-dignity-unobtainable, b/c attributes recognition for personal actions, not env. III. Basic Concepts
A-against mentalism-belief that thoughts & emotions determine actions
-1-operant conditioning-process by which an organism act son env. W/conseq. That influence
likelihood that the bhv, will be repeated
-a-operant-bhv. that acts on env.
-b-contingent-dependency of second bhv. on first bhv.
-i-i.e. B contingent upon A
-ii-B’s occurrence depends on A
-c-consequence-dependent/contingent upon prior performance of a bhv.
C-Positive Reinforcement-1-reinforcement-an event is contingent Upon prior performance of response (resp.)
-a-resp. changes likelihood of bhv. occurrence in future situations
-2-Positive Reinforcement-process whereby stim. increases likelihood of resp. when stim.
-a-Skinner Box-apparatus for stim. & resp.
-3-rate of responding (ror)-stability determines conditioned response
-a-ror = a measure of strength of conditioning
-4-extinction-previously reinforced response not followed by reinforcer, causing decrease in
-5-shaping-natural variations in bhv. exploited so that new bhv. is acquired
-a-successive approximations-similarity of new bhv. to shaped bhv.
-b-prompting-coaxing S’s to behave in approximation of desired bhv.
D-Negative Reinforcement & Punishment
-a-ongoing aversive stimulation-situation from which S’s try to escape
-2-Negative Reinforcement-process in which likelihood of response increases when it is
followed by termination, reduction, or absence of aversive stim.
-a-escape-removal from aversive situation
-b-avoidance bhv.-demonstrated by escaping
-c-regularity-enforces avoidance resp.
-3-punishment-likelihood of response decreases when it is followed by presentation of aversive
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