finalexam2007 - Terms and Essay Questions for Final Exam...

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Terms and Essay Questions for Final Exam César Chavez Co founder of the National Farm Workers Association, which later became the United Farm Workers, Chavez is largely regarded as a hero to union farm laborers. Opposed to both legal and illegal immigration, he helped keep wages higher while improving safety rules. Travelling across the country to promote workers’ rights and voting by Mexican Americans, he is hailed as one of the great American Civil Rights Leaders. He helped in the abolishment of the short handled hoe in 1970, a tool which was deemed an occupational hazard. Stonewall Riots A series of violent conflicts between gay and transgender people against the NYC police in 1969. Lasting several days, the riots acted as a watershed for the gay rights movement, as gay and transgender people had never before acted on such a large scale to resist and respond to police harassment directed towards their community. The riots were spurred by an illegal raid against the Stonewall Inn, a gay hangout. New Deal The title given to the numerous social programs instated by FDR during his presidency. Created with the goal of giving reform and economic support to a nation reeling from an economic depression, new deal programs were successful, but the argument over the role of the federal government in the lives of individuals eventually resulted in the abolishment of many of the programs in 1943. The New Deal represented a profound shift in the mindset of the federal government in regard to its role in the well-being of its citizens. Two of the most lasting programs of the new deal are the SEC and Social Security. Many credit these programs to helping end the great depression. Dorothea Lange A highly influential American photographer and photojournalist most notable for her depression-era work for the Farm Security Administration (FSA). Her photographs humanized the effects of the depression for the nation to see. Her work profoundly influenced the development of the field of documentary photography. She was unique in that her limp gained from a childhood bout with polio made her uniquely approachable to individuals suffering from the depression. Rosa Parks Black civil rights activist who is largely regarded as the “Mother of the modern day civil rights movement.” On December 5, 1955, Parks became famous after refusing to give up her seat to another white passenger. This action of civil disobedience sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycotts, one of the earliest and largest organized movements against segregation. Martin Luther King, one of the most influential figures of our time, was launched by his involvement in these boycotts.
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“Kitchen Debates” An impromptu debate between Kruschev and Nixon in 1959 in the American National Exhibition, an event which featured a complete home that “any American can afford.” The two men discussed the merits of each of their economic systems and were recorded on color videotape. By the end of the discussion, both men agreed that the US and USSR
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course HIST 1000 taught by Professor Desjardins during the Fall '08 term at CUNY Baruch.

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finalexam2007 - Terms and Essay Questions for Final Exam...

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