history 2 .docx - Cecil Rhodes Britainu2019s imperial...

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Cecil Rhodes: Britain’s imperial designs in southern Africa were driven in part by the ambition of Cecil Rhodes, who once declared that he would “annex the stars” if he could. Rhodes made his fortune in the Kimberley diamond fields and founded De Beers Consolidated, a company that has dominated the world’s diamond trade ever since. He then turned to politics. He encouraged the British South Africa Company to push north into Central Africa, where he named two new colonies after himself: Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) and Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia). Sokoto Caliphate: A sovereign Sunni Muslim caliphate in West Africa that was founded during the jihad of the Fulani War in 1804 by Usman dan Fodio. King Leopold II: Holy Roman emperor from 1790 to 1792, one of the most capable of the 18th-century reformist rulers known as the “enlightened despots.” Henry Morton Stanley: British American explorer of central Africa, famous for his rescue of the Scottish

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