final study guude

final study guude - 1 American Politics Study Guide Chapter...

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American Politics Study Guide Chapter 3: The Constitution 4 Basic Principles of the Constitution -Republicanism: Form of a government where power resides in people -Exercised by their elected officials -Federalism: Division of power between a central government and regional governments - Different levels of government -Constitution lists powers of national government, and those denied the states -Separation of Powers: Creation of Legislative, Executive and Judicial branch -Purpose of lawmaking, law-enforcing, law-interpreting -Checks and Balances: Each branch has control over the other two Virginia Plan, New Jersey Plan, Great Compromise -Virginia Plan: Three branches of govt., bi-cameral legislature, representation based on population, Legislature could override stat laws, and the President would be chosen by Legislature -New Jersey Plan: Single chamber legislature, equal registration in Legislature, mult- person head of Executive branch, Legislature ruled states -Great Compromise (Connecticut): Bi-cameral Legislature, revenue bills start in house Article I: Legislative Branch Enumerated Powers: Congress only has the powers listed in the Constitution Necessary and Proper Clause (elastic clause): Gives Congress the means to carry out the enumerated powers -Basis for the implied powers Article II: Executive Branch Power to make treaties, appoint judges and diplomats, and the duty to “take care that the laws be faithfully executed.” -Last part was used to claim, “executive privilege” Article III: Judicial Branch Vague and nondescript Article IV: The States National Government protects the states, allows addition of new states, and forbade discrimination of another state’s citizens Article V: Changes to Constitution Lays out guidelines for amending the Constitution Article VI: Supremacy Clause National laws take precedence over state and local laws 1
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Article VII: Ratification Process Who cares????? Chapter 4: Federalism Federalism: Two or more governments exercising power over the same people Sovereignty: The quality of being supreme in power or authority Dual Federalism: Constitution is a compact among sovereign states, so that the powers of the national government and the states are clearly differentiated. -The national government rules by enumerated powers only -National government has a limited set of Constitutional purposes -Each government unit is sovereign within its sphere - Relationship between states and national government is characterized by tension All rights not specifically reserved for National Govt., are reserved for states -State advocates quote 10 th amendment -National government advocates cite elastic clause Cooperative Federalism: Rejects the idea of separate spheres -National and state agencies routinely work together -There is a fragmentation of power American Federalism is flexible and dynamic Great Depression and Elastic Clause strengthened the National Government Commerce Clause: Congress has the power to regulate commerce between the states
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final study guude - 1 American Politics Study Guide Chapter...

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