Chapter 20 - Chapter 20 Who 1. Ignatius Donnelly- An Irish...

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Chapter 20 Who 1. Ignatius Donnelly- An Irish Immigrant who became a leader in the Midwest populist movement. Known as a “fiery orator,” he was a keynote speaker and the populist convention in St. Louis, in 1892 in which his speech later became the preamble to the platform of the People’s party. 2. Mary Elizabeth Lease-Populist orator who was known for “raise less corn, and more hell,” spoke for the Knights of labor and the Farmer’s alliance. She explained why women supported the Farmer’s alliance. 3. Frances Willard- was in the Women’s Christian Temperance Union and argued against liquor and for Woman’s Suffrage. She was the president of WCTU and capitalized on the “cult of Domesticity” a tactic move to get women in to public and social life. 4. Andrew Carnegie- Owner of Carnegie steel, was once known as a self-styled friend of labor, went up against the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers and put Henry Clay Frick in charge of his Homestead plant resulting in “the battle of fort Frick” 5. Henry Clay Frick- put in charge by Carnegie; he hired 316 “pinks” a.k.a. private guards of Pinkerton national detective agency to prevent workers from strike. When Frick tried to send the Pinks in, gunfire broke out and resulted in the Strikers taking over the homestead mill, dubbing the dispute the “battle of fort Frick” 6. Alexander Berkman- Russian immigrant and anarchist tried to assassinate Frick, after government militia occupied the factory, although the Amalgamated and AFL denounced it, the action still linked unions and anarchy. 7. Davis H. Waite- Populist Governor in Colorado who refused to send troops to put down a peaceful strike. He acted as an arbitrator between the striking miners and the mine owners. 8. George M. Pullman- Owned Pullman Boxcars, Set up a model town in which he owned everything and could evict employees if needed. His rent and other financial burdens of his workers in the town eventually led to them joining the ARU led by Eugene V. Debs. 9. Eugene V. Debs- Led the ARU during the Pullman strikes, pleaded for the workers to find another way at first, but when behind the workers fully it caused a nationwide strike of all railroad workers eventually leading to his arrest. 10. Grover Cleveland- President at the time of the Pullman strikes, was convinced to send in federal troops after Debs “violated” a new law the railroad owners got passed, this resulted in the death of 25, the wounding of 60 and debs thrown in jail. 11. Elizabeth Cady Stanton- Started the women’s rights movement at Seneca falls in 1848. Allied with Susan B. Anthony, launched the National Womens Suffrage Association in 1866, under the belief women should be able to vote in local but not national elections. 12. Susan B. Anthony- Allied with Stanton, Helped Start NWSA, Helped gain women the
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course HISTORY 2020 taught by Professor Fraizer during the Spring '08 term at Columbia State Community College.

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Chapter 20 - Chapter 20 Who 1. Ignatius Donnelly- An Irish...

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