Chapter 17 - Chapter 17 Who Mark Twain humorist and author,...

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Chapter 17 Who Mark Twain – humorist and author, partnered with Charles Warner, Twain focused on facts and figures. Wrote about anyone from political leaders to Wall Street financiers, while writing about serious issues he tended to make them into satires. Jay Gould – bought his first railroad before he turned twenty-five years old. He knew very little about railroads and didn’t care that much. He focused mainly on the stocks of companies. Buying and then later reselling them to make higher profits than actually running a railroad company. Andrew Carnegie – a Scottish immigrant, arrived in the U.S. around 1948 in NYC. He went from being a nobody that worked in a factory to being one of the wealthiest men in America. Owned the largest steel business in the world known as Carnegie Steel. John D. Rockefeller – Controlled the largest oil refinery at the age of twenty- five. Was the first to use the trust system, it allowed him to create a monopoly over the entire oil refining business. Ida M. Tarbell – known as a muckraker she was an editor and journalist, known for her work History of the Standard Oil Company in which she revealed Rockefeller’s secrets of taking over the oil refining business. Alexander Graham Bell – Scottish immigrant, arrived in the US at the age of twenty-four. He originally wanted to find a way to teach the deaf to speak. He eventually strayed from this dream and created the first means of transmitting voice over wire, the telephone. Thomas Alva Edison – taught himself everything that he knew, he was an extremely hard worker, and was known to work twenty hour days in his laboratory so that he could invent different things. Most famous for the motion picture camera, phonograph, and the incandescent light bulb. John Pierpont Morgan – finance capitalist of the nineteenth century. He ran American banking as a power broker. Known for bailing out companies of bankruptcy and most importantly the government in the Recession of 1893. Charles Darwin – he theorized that in the struggle for survival, the process of adaptation to environment triggered among species a natural selection process that led to evolutionary progress. William Graham Sumner – a professor of political economy at Yale University developed the theory of social Darwinism, by applying Darwin’s theory to human society. Ida B. Wells – a courageous African American living in the US during the lynching campaigns of the southern states. Worked as a reporter for the New York Age and Chicago Inter-Ocean . She launched an antilynching campaign making it known that African males didn’t go out and assault white women. Elizabeth Cady Stanton
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course HISTORY 2020 taught by Professor Fraizer during the Spring '08 term at Columbia State Community College.

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Chapter 17 - Chapter 17 Who Mark Twain humorist and author,...

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