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Unformatted text preview: 1. In what respects did the inter-war years (1918-39) as well as World War II set the agenda for East - West rivalry and the outbreak of The Cold War as well as foment the upsurge of anti-colonial movements in the Third World following the defeat of the Axis powers? pre-WWII (1918-1939): From Soviet view: -suspicious alliance b/n US and UK-US military action on Soviet soil (20s)-West had attempted to nip Soviet Revolution (from USSR view) ->destroy czar/establish democratic republic)-West refused to recreate regime as government-intervention; non-recognition, and restrict trade (economically strangle)-Hitler/Mussolini ->anti com weapon. 1930s: alliance w/ wet against Hitler Spanish Civil War (1931)- Spanish King embraced Military dictatorship. This unraveled and returned to constitutional monarch, then elections => Monarchists lost. Republicans and leftists won out. - 1931-1936 experiment with Republican govt- 1936 Left came to power (summer Spanish army (w/ Franco as leader) aided by Hitler and Mussolini. right raised up against this.- 3 years of civil war w/ right (republican government) against rebelling left (Franco). - Bombing of Ge in April (Civilian population). Hitler/Mussolini. Openly backing attack of Republic. West didnt help Spain (allies w/ fascists then? According to USSR) - Soviets support legal govt / republic- Franco lasted until 1975 w/ his demise. Catholic parishers pressured FDR to not found pagan republicans of Spain. non-agression treaty b/n Germany and Italy in wake of fall of Spanish Republic Western view 1. Soviet treasons [of WWI] 1917 signed agreement w/ Germany of Brest- Litovsk: taking Russians out of fight (Lenin obeying will of ppl); Bolsheviks went public w/ war aims of France and UK 2. Stalin continued to embrace sot world revolution; death of Lenin ->Stalin devoted Soviet security abroad (not necessarily communism); 3 rd international/commintern international association of communist parties / headquarters / orders from Moscow 3. 1939 Soviet non-aggression pact w/ Germany 4. Brits and Yanks more of a threat?!?!; Soviet saw this as buying time (deflecting Hitler); Stalin made USSR more vulnerable by this; when pact broken (1- smash Hitlerism <military and politically>; 2- consolidate Soviet regime/system; 3- surround w/ buffer satellite states for strategic reasons; Stalins motive som in one country 5. war time alliance lead to competition w/ west and cooperation Stalin disbanded comintern for cominform....
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