safety safe - With the conclusion of World War I, the...

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With the conclusion of World War I, the United States turned inwards with an affinity for isolationism. The United States declined participation in the League of Nations, Woodrow Wilson’s brainchild, and America strived for a return to normalcy after the shock of war. The United State’s passivity in the face of rising fascist powers, as well as a course of general appeasement by the other major powers in the world, led to World War II, and the United States was sucked into another world war. In the aftermath of World War II, the United States was in a similar position to the one after World War I, but this time the landscape was different. The United States had emerged from World War II as a superpower, with a booming war time economy and an unprecedented military might that had been secured with the invention of the atomic bomb. There was also the danger of the rising power in the East, the Soviet Union. In the wake of World War I a balance of power had remained intact, with all the participants in such tatters that no one country could posses regional, or world, hegemony. The Soviet Union was a different country than the one after the revolution of 1917, and now it was poised to be the sole hegemonic power in the world (Gaddis2 319) . The United States could shrink back into itself, allow the Soviets to peddle their influence around the world, and wait until it was dragged into another war, or the United State’s could fill the power void created by the weakened nature of the countries in Western Europe (Gadds2 353-354) . In an attempt to control its own destiny, the United States embraced its new role, and joined the Soviet Union as the two dominant powers in the world (Hammond 30) . Having embraced the role of a Super power, the United States needed to craft a foreign policy towards the Soviet Union. While some officials endorsed a peaceful coexistence with the Soviet Union, this was not the prevailing conclusion (Hammond 11) . Because the United States viewed the Soviet Union as a threat to the American way of life, American foreign policy reflected an attempt at quelling the influence of the Soviet Union on the world (Gaddis2 318) . This meant a break from détente, or a relaxing of tensions, in exchange for an intense an active vigil against the interests of the Soviet Union (Gaddis2 317 ). This new policy first manifested itself in the Truman Doctrine, and was further developed with the Marshall Plan. The Truman Plan and Marshall Doctrine were essential in preserving a strong cohesive unit against Communist forces, specifically in Greece and Turkey, with a focus on economic cooperation and quarantining the Soviet influences. The Truman Doctrine was introduced during the Greek Civil war in an attempt to aid the Greek government in its fight against communist insurgents. The United States had assumed the Soviet Union was backing the communist forces, and when Great Britain confided in the United States that it would eventually be pulling its support from
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course HIST 200 taught by Professor Tamarin during the Spring '07 term at SUNY Geneseo.

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safety safe - With the conclusion of World War I, the...

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