2 learning growth

This is an example of a classical condifoning b

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Unformatted text preview: penchants, tendencies, abiliFes, vocaFons, and race of his ancestors.” Pavlov UCS (uncondiFoned sFmulus): e.g., gong UCR (uncondiFoned response): e.g., crying CS (condiFoned sFmulus): e.g., rat CR (condiFoned response): e.g., fear Gong (UCS) Crying (UCR) Associated Similar Animal (CS) Fear (CR) Li4le Albert Li4le iniFal fear to white rat. Pairs rat with loud bang, which scares him. Albert learns to fear rat, and all furry things ERGO: Fears are learned, not innate QuesFon: How do you interpret this? Is Alfred afraid of the rat? BF Skinner Operant CondiFoning: Self- iniFated acFons (not reflexes) which recur when reinforced by rewarding consequences PosiFve reinforcement Shaping Operant Conditioning in Infants Skinner’s Utopia • No free will or soul • Behavior is determined by genes & environment enFrely • Behavior is highly plasFc • People should be shaped, for the be4erment of humanity Quiz! Freud’s reality principle refers to the idea that: a) We learn to think solely by contact with reality b) Our insFncFve desires are tempered by the reality imposed by our social world c) All of our beliefs are based on the objecFve reality of the world d) If a belief does not reflect reality, it will eventually fade away Freud’s reality principle refers to the idea that: a) We learn to think solely by contact with reality b) Our insFncFve desires are tempered by the reality imposed by our social world c) All of our beliefs are based on the objecFve reality of the world d) If a belief does not reflect reality, it will eventually fade away Li4le Albert learned to associate a rat with a loud noise, and henc...
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This document was uploaded on 01/30/2014.

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