2 learning growth

G intelligence conscienfousness height measures

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Unformatted text preview: e came to fear the presence of rats. This is an example of: A) Classical condiFoning B) Operant condiFoning C) Instrumental condiFoning D) Both A and C Li4le Albert learned to associate a rat with a loud noise, and hence came to fear the presence of rats. This is an example of: A) Classical condiFoning B) Operant condiFoning C) Instrumental condiFoning D) Both A and C True / False: Infants can learn through instrumental condiFoning at birth? A) True B) False True / False: Infants can learn through instrumental condiFoning at birth? A) True B) False What’s be4er? Eugenics or Walden 2? Behaviorism emerged as an alternaFve to biological determinism / Eugenics One reason: Morality QuesFon: Should science be guided by moral consideraFons? QuesFon: Should morality be influenced by science? Eugenics or Walden 2? THOUGHT EXPERIMENT: e.g., what if a study showed that women are geneFcally less capable of intellectual work than men? Should we alter our expectaFon that men & women are treated equally, and not discriminated against on the basis of gender? What do you think? QuesFon: Would Walden 2 Work? What is the evidence that parents, teachers, community leaders, etc., affect children’s development? More controversy regarding nature & nurture: ParenFng! Do parents ma4er? Harris & Behavior GeneFcs •  Challenges claim that parents affect outcome of children •  Argues that most evidence is correlaFonal •  Argues that peers, not parents, are biggest environmental factor Judith Rich Harris Behavior GeneFcs The science concerned with how variaFon in behavior and development results from the combinaFon of geneFc and environmental factors METHOD: •  A trait is measured among groups of people who vary in geneFc relatedness •  Examine correlaFons among individuals who: –  Are geneFcally more similar –  Share the same environment Example: Personality Bouchard (1994) Science: compared personality data from three twin studies (MZ and DZ twins) Heritability ProporFon of difference in a phenotype trait that is a4ributable to geneFc differences, rather than environmental differences e.g., intelligence, conscienFousness, height Measures proporFon of phenotype variability a4ributable to genotype variability. Does not measure proporFon of phenotype caused by geneFcs. Heritability can change, as...
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This document was uploaded on 01/30/2014.

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