7 attention

7 attention

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: se mappings 3.  Working memory •  Hold informa%on in mind and manipulate/reason about it Diamond, 2006 Go- No Go: Ki"en or Puppy? (Clap for ki"ens, don’t clap for puppies) Dimensional Change Card Sort Task •  Cards differ on 2 dimensions (usually color and shape/kind) which conflict •  First play the “color” game in which child has to sort by the color dimension •  Then switch to the “shape” game in which child has to sort by shape (must inhibit previously correct rule) http://www.youtube.com/user/munakatayp/u/3/0L7xzcvJzZc Zelazo, 2006 Mul%- dimensional card sort http://www.youtube.com/user/munakatayp/u/3/0L7xzcvJzZc Execu%ve Func%ons Ma"er EF measured in Head Start (HS) & kindergarten correlates with academic skills: Inhibitory control Teacher- rated “efforpul control” Blair & Razza, 2007 Self- control and life outcomes • Measured self- control using nine measures Fig. 1. Design of the Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study. –  Observa%onal reports at 3 and 5 years We assessed children’s self-control during their first deca Reports by researcher-observers, teachers, parents, and –  Parent, teacher, and self- reports gathered across the ages of 3, 5, 7, 9, dren themselves of impulsivity, were combined into a single highly reliable composite aggression, hyperac%vity, and ofack of were higher among girls than Mean levels l self-control < the health, wealth, and persistence (ADHD) 8.39, P of 0.001), butself-control were equally public saf cations childhood evident an dren’s self-control, as it is distributed in the population, real-world outcomes after children reach adulthood. ined adult health outcomes, such as substance depennflammation, and metabolic abnormalities (e.g., overhypertension, cholesterol), because these are known rning signs for costly age-related diseases and premature . We examined wealth outcomes, such as low income, rent child rearing, credit problems, and poor saving ecause these are early warning signs for late-life poverty ncial dependence. We also examined convictions for cause crime control poses major costs to government. among boys and girls (SI et al. (2011) Moffi" Appendix, Table S1). We combined the genders in all subsequent analyses (but c for gender). Dunedin study children with greater self-con more likely to have been brought up in socioecon Self-Control and Adolescent Mistakes. Data collected at the ages of of Self-Control and Adolescent Mistakes. Data collected at the ages tiles tiles Appendix, Table S2 S2 tiles (SI(SI Appendix, Table ). ). An interesting question is what would happen if we were able 13, 15, 18, and y showed that children with poor self-control were 15, 18, and 21 21 y showed that children with poor self-control were interesting question is is what would happen if were able AnAn inter...
View Full Document

This document was uploaded on 01/30/2014.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online