9 Language

Hindi da dha contrast for us infants werker dental

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: /? Shid: ba/ pa or pa/ ba No shid: ba/ ba or pa/pa Infants discriminate ba vs. pa before they can produce these sounds. categorical percep/on? The Eimas experiment (1971) /ba/ vs. /pa/ VOT boundary: 25 msec VOT 20 msec: /ba/ VOT 40 msec: /pa/ VOT 60 msec: /pa/ 20 sec differences between pa & ba, and also between pa & pa Categorical percep/on in infants: Eimas’ experiment between- category within- category no change VOT = 440 0 VOT = 40 VOT = 40 Development of Speech Percep/on Infants discriminate and categorize some speech sounds before they begin producing those sounds. The motor theory of speech percep)on is disconfirmed. Experiments since Eimas: U.S. infants discriminate every speech contrast in English. What are the origins of this ability? One possibility: learning in utero • babies can hear in utero • newborns recognize / prefer Mom’s voice • newborns recognize / prefer na)ve language Neonate preference for speech Tested newborn infants’ preference for human speech relative to sign wave transformation of the same speech Method: Conditioned sucking Example 1 Example 2 Sign...
View Full Document

This document was uploaded on 01/30/2014.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online