13 ToM & Imitation

Common sense says we lose our fortune are sorry and

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Unformatted text preview: Where will Johnny look for his dog: on the porch or in the garage?” At 3 years, children succeed at this version (with no false belief): Egocentrism isn’t the problem. Why is the false belief task hard? The not-own desire task (Gopnik) “Yum! Can you give me some?” Vs. At 3 years, children prefer goldfish but give experimenter Broccoli. E Egocentrism isn’t the problem. Two Interpretations 1.  Conceptual change 2.  Performance limitations lack underlying competence. Performance limitation receives support for 3:0- to 4:0-year-olds •  “Look first” version. Where will Sally look first? Age of success is 9 months earlier. •  Children use “want, like” under age 2;0. •  Use “think” to express beliefs at around 3;0 •  (Notice, not-own belief task suggests that 3-year-olds understand beliefs!) Precursors to a Theory of Mind: Implicit knowledge •  The Sally/Anne task with looking behavior as the measure •  At 30 months, children look to the basket before saying Sally will look in the box. (Clements & Perner) Therefore: ...
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