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13 ToM & Imitation

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Unformatted text preview: ability to interpret mul7- step ac7ons as goal directed emerges with infants’ ability to perform these ac7ons • use imita7on to learn about object func7ons and social conven7ons; sensi7ve to the inten7ons behind another person’s ac7ons. •  Imita7on allows encoding of others’ behaviors •  Some7mes encoded as goal directed •  But when do children use MENTAL STATES to explain behavior? Beliefs vs. Facts It is cold outside I believe that it is cold outside False True Knowing the difference is crucial to predicting behavior! False Belief Tasks videos 1,2,3 The false belief task (Perner & Wimmer, 1984) 2 and 3 years old: Most children fail 4 and above: Success. Why is the false belief task hard? “egocentrism”? The not-own belief task (Wellman) “Johnny is looking for his dog. The dog is either on the porch or in the garage. Where do you think he is? (if child says the porch...) Well, Johnny thinks he’s in the garage....
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