13 ToM & Imitation

Dierent condi7ons the actor is a person vs machine in

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Unformatted text preview: ac7ons (if they are capable of performing them) •  newborns: imita7on of facial gestures older infants: imita7on of the ac7ons other people perform on objects (e.g., ra3ling, hammering). Do babies dis*nguish between people and objects, imita*ng only people? When babies imitate, do they a:empt to reproduce the goal of the ac*on? Imitating goal-directed action Meltzoff’s experiments: •  infants view an actor who repeatedly a3empts, and fails, to do something. •  different condi7ons, the actor is a person vs. machine. in Then the infant gets the object: Does she do the ac3on? By 14 months, infants imitate intended outcome, not the actual outcome. Infants do not imitate “ac7ons” performed by inanimate objects. Infants’ imitation respects the means as well as the goal. Mo...
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