{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

10 Concepts - Concepts Meaning Ques1on for class What is...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–12. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Concepts & Meaning
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ques1on for class: What is meaning?
Image of page 2
Meaning has diferent meanings “MeaningFulness”: e.g., importance or value; purpose or goal E.g., The meaning oF liFe This isn’t really what linguists & psychologists have in mind
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Reference’/’Word’meaning’ Meanings Words Sounds / ˈ æpəl/ referent Meanings are mental representations / states that encode information, which can be used to describe properties of our experience, our inner lives, our imaginations, or the world
Image of page 4
Some theories of meaning 1. Classical’view : meanings are deFni1ons - e.g., BACHELOR= post-pubescent, eligible & unmarried 2. Sta:s:cal’view : meanings are collec1ons of associa1ons (also called “prototype theory”) - e.g., CAT= animal (.99); furry (.85); four legs (.85); meows (. 6); cute (.34) 3. Theory’view : meanings are deFned by their role in a theory (also called “theory theory”) - e.g., what is “force” or “mass” (you need to know physics to know meanings of these words).
Image of page 5

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
A method for studying concepts & meaning: emergence in acquisi1on
Image of page 6
Pairing meaning to sound Infants begin learning word meanings by 6 months of age By 10 months, children in the U.S. have comprehension vocabularies of about 11-154 word Begin using words between 10 and 15 months Comprehension -> produc±on
Image of page 7

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
How’does’the’child’do’it? Four’problems: 1. iden±fying phonemes (last class) 2. segmen±ng the word (vs. other words in sentence) 3. focusing on the right part of the world 4. determining what the speaker is naming The’input: Look, a bunny!
Image of page 8
What’is’being’referred’to? The’input: Gavagai! Willard V. O. Quine (1908-2000)
Image of page 9

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Rabbit (kind of thing) Peter (proper name of the rabbit) Angora rabbit (subordinate concept) Mammal, animal, living thing (superordinate concept) Uncle, herbivore, prey, pet (role, job descrip1on) Runner (temporary state) These’are’all’ways’in’which’we’can’describe’this’object.’ Ambiguity Fur (rabbit stu±) Dinner (rabbit stu±) Tail (part) Family (collec1on) Species Furry, preLy, swi² (property) Race (event) Hopping (ac1on) ³ife, fecundity, nature (abstrac1on) Rabbit in the morning Rabbit or baseball Undetached rabbit parts Con1nuous succession of rabbit 1me slices Rabbit un1l 20´0, then tortoise
Image of page 10
Word learning requires constraints; a form of l mind-reading z What’are’the’building’blocks’of’this’mind’reading?
Image of page 11

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 12
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern