11 Non-linguistic symbols

11 Non-linguistic symbols - Nonlinguis)c Symbols and...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–15. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Nonlinguis)c Symbols and Development
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Symbolic Proficiency Understand how to both interpret and create new symbolic representa)ons Must understand dual representa,on : • the ar)fact is represented mentally in two ways at the same )me, both as a real object and as a symbol
Image of page 2
Symbolic Proficiency Very young children have great difficulty with dual representa)on, as demonstrated in tasks in which a child is asked to use a scale model to locate a hidden toy in a room
Image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Drawing Pictures A common symbolic ac)vity for children Children s ar)s)c ideas oHen outstrip their motor and planning capability Most common drawing is the human figure, which begins very simple
Image of page 4
Early Drawing This is not random scribbling, as shown by how the 2-­‐year-­‐ old who drew it described his work. As he drew the triangular shape, he said it was a sailboat. A set of wavy lines was labeled water. Some scribbled lines under the sailboat were denoted as the person driving the boat. Finally, the wild scribbles drawn over the rest were a storm.
Image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
More Complex Drawings This child s drawing relies on some well-­‐ prac,ced strategies, but the child has not yet worked out how to represent complex spa,al rela,onships.
Image of page 6
Au)s)cs Ar)stry Nadia, an au,s,c child with extraordinary ar,s,c ability, became famous for drawings such as this one (a), made when she was 4 years of age. By the age of 25, Nadia s former talent was no longer evident (b).
Image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Symbols: come in many forms often simplify reality (e.g., maps, drawings, words) provide units that can be manipulated in cognition Today: an ancient symbol system “abacus”
Image of page 8
The cultural origin of mathema)cs Babylonian Salamis tablet ~300BC Roman hand abacus Chinese abacus Russian Schoty
Image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Japanese soroban 1 2 3 4 5 6 8 7 9 1 5 h]p://www.tux.org/~bagleyd/java/AbacusAppJP.html
Image of page 10
Physical and mental abacus use physical abacus mental abacus
Image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 12
Ques)on Given known limits on visual attention of 3-4 objects, how to children keep track of so many objects?
Image of page 13

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Four ques,ons 1. What is the format of mental abacus representa)ons?
Image of page 14
Image of page 15
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern