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Unformatted text preview: contracts, combinations, or conspiracies in restraint of trade
and (2) actual monopolies or attempts to monopolize any part of trade or commerce.
Because of vague wording and government inactivity, however, there was only one successful case against a company in the nine years after the act became law, and the Sherman Act was supplemented with the Clayton Act (1914). This act forbids certain actions
that are likely to lessen competition, although no actual harm has yet occurred.
In the 1930s, the federal government had to act again to ensure fair competition.
During that time, large chain stores appeared, such as the Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea
Company (A&P). Small businesses were threatened, and they lobbied for the RobinsonPatman Act (1936). This act makes it unlawful to discriminate in prices charged to
different purchasers of the same product, where the effect may substantially lessen
competition or help to create a monopoly. Product-Related Legislation
Various federal laws in existence specifically address the...
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- Spring '14