history and areas guest speaker

history and areas guest speaker - Instructor Eric Shaeffer...

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Unformatted text preview: Instructor : Eric Shaeffer January 9, 2008 James Madison University PSYCHOLOGY’S ROOTS A Brief History of Psychology Outline i. Early Psychological Thought ii. The Birth of Scientific Psychology iii. Psychological Science Today iv. Diversity in Psychology “Psychology has a long past, but only a short history” ~ Hermann Ebbinghaus Early Psychological Thought Questions about the nature of mind and the causes of human behavior have persisted throughout human history Edwin Smith Papyrus , Egypt 1550 BC Earliest known description of the brain and its function Early Psychological Thought Aristotle 384 BC – 322 BC Plato Socrates Early Psychological Thought Augustine 430 Thomas Aquinas 1264 René Descartes 1649 Early Psychological Thought John Locke 1690 George Berkeley 1709 David Hume 1748 Early Psychological Thought • Rise of empiricism , the belief that what we know comes to us through experience and observation • View discounts the notion of innate ideas • Suggests that a mind is like a blank slate Early Psychological Thought 1800s: Phrenology claims to be able to determine character, personality traits and criminality on the basis of bumps in the skull Franz Joseph Gall The Birth of Scientific Psychology • Scientific psychology seen as a way to explore conscious experiences • Wilhelm Wundt starts first psychological laboratory in Leipzig, Germany in 1879 The Birth of Scientific Psychology Wilhelm Wundt Wundt with colleagues in his laboratory The Birth of Scientific Psychology • Wundt and his students relied on introspection , a method of analyzing and describing one’s own conscious thoughts and feelings • Introspection means “looking inward” • Studies focused on psychological qualities and characteristics of sensory experiences The Birth of Scientific Psychology G. Stanley Hall James McKeen Cattell Edward Titchner The Birth of Scientific Psychology...
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history and areas guest speaker - Instructor Eric Shaeffer...

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