T spo tted yet fightaidsho me will enlist yo ur p c

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Unformatted text preview: x task as if they co llectively were o ne massively parallel superco mputer. This technique radically changes the eco no mics o f high-perf o rmance co mputing. BusinessWeek repo rts that while a middleo f -the-ro ad superco mputer co uld run as much as $ 30 millio n, grid co mputing so f tware and services to perf o rm co mparable tasks can co st as little as twenty-f ive tho usand do llars, assuming an o rganizatio n already has P Cs and servers in place. An early pio neer in grid co mputing is the bio tech f irm Mo nsanto . Mo nsanto enlists co mputers to explo re ways to manipulate genes to create cro p strains that are resistant to co ld, dro ught, bugs, pesticides, o r that are mo re nutritio us. P revio usly with even the largest co mputer Mo nsanto had in-ho use, gene analysis was taking six weeks and the f irm was able to analyze o nly ten to f if ty genes a year. But by leveraging grid co mputing, Mo nsanto has reduced gene analysis to less than a day. The f if tyf o ld time savings no w lets the f irm co nsider tho usands o f genetic co mbinatio ns in a year.P . Schwartz, C. Taylo r, and R. Ko selka, “The Future o f Co mputing: Quantum Leap,” Fo rtune, August 2, 2006. Lo wer R&D time means f aster time to market—critical to bo th the f irm and its custo mers. Grids are no w everywhere. Mo vie studio s use them to create special ef f ects and animated f ilms. P ro cto r & Gamble has used grids to redesign the manuf acturing pro cess f o r P ringles po tato chips. GM and Fo rd use grids to simulate crash tests, saving millio ns in junked cars and speeding time to market. P ratt and Whitney test aircraf t engine designs o n a grid. And bio tech f irms including Aventis, Glaxo SmithKline, and P f izer push their research thro ugh a quicker pipeline by harnessing grid po wer. JP Mo rgan Chase even launched a grid ef f o rt that mimics CIBC’s superco mputer, but at a f ractio n o f the latter’s co st. By the seco nd year o f o peratio n, the JP Mo rgan Chase grid was saving the f irm $ 5 millio n per year. Yo u can jo in a grid, to o . [email protected] me turns yo ur co mputer screen saver into a metho d to help “search f o r extraterrestrial intelligence,” analyzing data f ro m the Arecibo radio telesco pe system in P uerto Rico (no E.T. spo tted yet). [email protected] me will enlist yo ur P C to explo re AIDS treatments. And Fo [email protected] me is an ef f o rt by Stanf o rd researchers to understanding the science o f pro tein-f o lding within diseases such as Alzheimer’s, cancer, and cystic f ibro sis. A versio n o f Fo [email protected] me so f tware f o r the P layStatio n 3 had enlisted o ver half a millio n co nso les within mo nths o f release. Having access to these f ree reso urces is an eno rmo us advantage f o r researchers. Says the directo r o f Fo [email protected] me, “Even if we were given all o f the NSF superco mputing centers co mbined f o r a co uple o f mo nths, that is still f ewer reso urces than we have no w.”G. Jo hnso n, “Superco mputing [email protected]..
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This document was uploaded on 01/31/2014.

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