3 4 the purpose of the opinion paragraph is to state

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Unformatted text preview: atements were presented fairly and in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. 3-5 The auditor's report should be dated February 17, 2010, the date on which the auditor concluded that he or she had sufficient appropriate evidence to support the auditor’s opinion. 3-6 An unqualified report may be issued under the following five circumstances: 1. All statements—balance sheet, income statement, statement of retained earnings, and statement of cash flows—are included in the financial statements. 2. The three general standards have been followed in all respects on the engagement. 3. Sufficient evidence has been accumulated and the auditor has conducted the engagement in a manner that enables him or her to conclude that the three standards of field work have been met. 9-30 4. The financial statements are presented in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. This also means that adequate disclosures have been included in the footnotes and other parts of the financial statements. 5. There are no circumstances requiring the addition of an explanatory paragraph or modification of the wording of the report. 9-31 3-7 The introductory, scope and opinion paragraphs are modified to include reference to management’s report on internal control over financial reporting, and the scope of the auditor’s work and opinion on internal control over financial reporting. The introductory and opinion paragraphs also refer to the framework used to evaluate internal control. Two additional paragraphs are added between the scope and opinion paragraphs that define internal control and describe the inherent limitations of internal control. 3-8 When adherence to generally accepted accounting principles would result in misleading financial statements there should be a complete explanation in a separate paragraph. The separate paragraph should fully explain the departure and the reason why generally accepted accounting principles would have resulted in misleading statements. The opinion should be unqualified, but it should refer to the separate paragraph during the portion of the opinion in which generally accepted accounting principles are mentioned. 3-9 An unqualified report with an explanatory paragraph or modified wording is the same as a standard unqualified report except that the auditor believes it is necessary to provide additional information about the audit or the financial statements. For a qualified report, either there is a scope limitation (condition 1) or a failure to follow generally accepted accounting principles (condition 2). Under either condition, the auditor concludes that the overall financial statements are fairly presented. Two examples of an unqualified report with an explanatory paragraph or modified wording are: 1. 2. The entity changed from one generally accepted accounting principle to another generally accepted accounting principle. A shared report involving the use of other auditors. 3-10 When another CPA has performed part of the audit, the primary auditor issues one of the following types of reports based on the circumstances. 1. 2. 3. No reference is made to the other auditor. This will occur if the other auditor audited an immaterial portion of the statement, the other auditor is known or closely supervised, or if the principal auditor has thoroughly reviewed the other auditor's work. Issue a shared opinion in which reference is made to the other auditor. This type of report is issued when it is impractical to review the work of the other auditor or when a portion of the financial statements audited by the other CPA is material in relation to the total. The report may be qualified if the principal auditor is not willing to assume any responsibility for the work of the other auditor. A disclaimer may be issued if the segment audited by the other CPA is highly material. 9-32 3-11 Even though the prior year statements have been restated to enhance comparability, a separate explanatory paragraph is required to explain the change in generally accepted accounting principles in the first year in which the change took place. 3-12 Changes that affect the consistency of the financial statements may involve any of the following: a. Change in accounting principle b. Change in reporting entity c. Corrections of errors involving accounting principles. An example of a change that affects consistency would be a change in the method of computing depreciation from straight line to an accelerated method. A separate explanatory paragraph is required if the amounts are material. Comparability refers to items such as changes in estimates, presentation, and events rather than changes in accounting principles. For example, a change in the estimated life of a depreciable asset will affect the comparability of the statements. In that case, no explanatory paragraph for lack of consistency is needed, but the information may require disclosure in the statements. 3-13 The three conditions requiring a departure from an unqualified opinion are: 1. 2....
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