November 28 - November 28, 2007 Greece and Rome Long...

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Greece and Rome Long history of interactions o BA-EIA Bay of Naples: Mycenaean and proto-colonial outpost Pithekoussai: one of the earliest alphabetic Greek inscriptions o Archaic period Greek pottery in Italy Early references Hesiodic Theogony o Classical period Exports of Greek drama Awareness of Rome as Italian power Greek influence on Roman religion o Lining up the gods Assumption that different peoples worship equivalent gods Zeus-Jupiter, Hera-Juno, etc. Incomplete alignment Mars, Athena; Quirinus o Iconography: Romans adopt Greater anthropomorphism Conventions Sculpture, vase painting etc. Greek and Roman religion o The Sibylline Oracle: Graeco-Roman cult near Naples Greek-derived Roman state prophetic books/cult Oracles delivered in Greek dactylic hexameters o Mystery religions: promise of hope for afterlife Ex: Cybele/Magna Mater, Isis, Orpheus/Bacchus Delphi attracts Roman initiates Roman expansion o Consolidation of Italy Roman dominance of central and northern Italy: 4 th century Southern Italy: 3 rd century o A common enemy Carthage (Phoenicians) o Sicily Hieron II (271-216) of Syracuse Sides with Carthage, then Rome
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November 28 - November 28, 2007 Greece and Rome Long...

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