October 3 - October 3, 2007 Early Athens Athens and Attika...

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October 3, 2007 Early Athens Athens and Attika o Location: access to Isthmus, Aegean Islands, Hellespont o Natural resources: orchard, limited farmland; minerals; harbors o Best-documented region in ancient Greece o Capital of modern Greece Athenian Ideologies o Athens and Athena Myth of competition with Poseidon (olive vs. horse) Goddess of crafts, wisdom (industry, philosophy) o Spirit of openness, innovation (relatively less conservative) Contrasts Sparta, 27 miles from nearest port Athens and Attika o Earliest Athens BA Moderate-sized Mycenaean palace on Acropolis o Cult of goddess Potnia: precursor of Athena-worship Exercises control over Attika LBA collapse: less disturbance than at other BA sites Question of continuity Relative prosperity of Geometric Athens Attika and Ionia o From Attika to Ionia: LBA-EIA migrations (poorly documented) Linguistic similarities between Attic and Ionic dialects Myth of Nestor and Athens Poseidon cult: Messenia and Ionia Pretext/context for Athenian involvement in Aegean Emergence of the Athenian state o EIA to Geometric EIA: small continuous population from BA Little evidence of central authority over Attika Protogeometric Early innovations in pottery o Developing infrastructure for export industry
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course CLA 2100 taught by Professor Marks during the Fall '07 term at University of Florida.

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October 3 - October 3, 2007 Early Athens Athens and Attika...

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