October 12 - October 12, 2007 Greece vs. Persia The Persian...

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October 12, 2007 Greece vs. Persia The Persian Empire o Multi-ethnic state stretching from India to Libya (ca. 550-300) Extracts tribute (goods, manpower), extends protections Homeland in northern Asia Minor (Achaemenid dynasty) Successor of ancient Near Eastern empires Sumer-Akkad (3500 BCE), Babylon (2000), Assyria (1200), Neo-Babylonians o 6 th century BCE: kings Cyrus, Cambyses, Darius take control of Babylon, Syria, Phoenicia-Palestine, Egypt, Libya, Asia Minor Extension of power in Aegean: conflict with Greeks The Persian State o Capital Persepolis, sub-capitals (Babylon, Sardis, etc.) Palaces: store tribute, garrisons, administration (records) o Government: micromanagement from a distance King travels constantly among capitals, on military campaigns Roles of king: general, head of bureaucracy, religious authority Extended family holds top positions Satrapies: 20 tribute-collecting districts Local governments, institutions retained o Military Standing royal army of 10,000 (1,000 kinsman personal guard) Satrapal armies, subject armies Tributary fleets: Cyprus, Egypt, Phoenicia (539), Ionian Greek
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October 12 - October 12, 2007 Greece vs. Persia The Persian...

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