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Unformatted text preview: activities of each division. . . .
Thus, the third dimension of rationalization, calculability or the emphasis on
quantity rather than quality, has wide applicability to the social world. It is truly
central, if not the central, component of a rationalizing society.To return to our
favorite example, it is the case that McDonald’s expends far more effort telling us
how many billions of hamburgers it has sold than it does in telling us about the
quality of those burgers. Relatedly, it touts the size of its product (the “Big Mac”)
more than the quality of the product (it is not the “Good Mac”).The bottom
line in many settings is the number of customers processed, the speed with which
they are processed, and the profits produced. Quality is secondary, if indeed there
is any concern at all for it. SUBSTITUTION OF NONHUMAN TECHNOLOGY In spite of Herculean efforts, there are important limits to the ability to rationalize what human beings think and do. Seemingly no matter what one does, people still retain at least the ultimate capacity to think and act in a variety of
unanticipated ways.Thus, in spite of great efforts to make human behavior more
efficient, more predictable, more calculable, people continue to act in unforeseen
ways. People continue to make home-cooked meals from scratch, to camp in
tents in the wild, to eat in old-fashioned diners, and to sabotage the assembly
lines. Because of these realities, there is great interest among those who foster increasing rationality in using rational technologies to limit individual independence and ultimately to replace human beings with machines and other
technologies that lack the ability to think and act in unpredictable ways.
McDonald’s does not yet have robots to serve us food, but it does have
teenagers whose ability to act autonomously is almost completely eliminated by
techniques, procedures, routines, and machines.There are numerous examples of
this including rules which prescribe all the things a counterperson should do in
dealing with a customer as well as a large variety of technologies which determine the actions of workers such as drink dispensers which shut themselves off
when the cup is full; buzzers, lights, and bells which indicate when food (e.g.,
french fries) is done; and cash registers which have the prices of each item programmed in. One of the latest attempts to constrain individual action is Denny’s
use of pre-measured packages of dehydrated food that are “cooked” simply by
putting them under the hot water tap. Because of such tools and machines, as
well as the elaborate rules dictating worker behavior, people often feel like they
are dealing with human robots when they relate to the personnel of a fast-food AR...
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2014 for the course HST 414 taught by Professor Spokes during the Fall '13 term at Syracuse.
- Fall '13