October 26 - October 26, 2007 The Peloponnesian War...

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October 26, 2007 The Peloponnesian War (431-404) The Road Back to War o Problems with the Thirty-Year Peace (signed 446 BCE) Spartans reluctant to defend allies against Athens (ex: Samos) Athens remains committed to Periklean policies o Provocative acts by Athens (430s): Corcyra, Potidaia, Megara Corcyra: colony, perpetual enemy of Corinth (enemy of Athens) Corcyra’s own colony Epidamnos aided by Corinth Athens and Corcyra ally, defeat Corinthian fleet (433) Potidaia: another Corinthian colony; close ties to metropolis Allied with Athens (Athenian interest in north Aegean) Refuses to sever ties with Corinth, Athens besieges (433-430) o Conflict draws in Corinth, Macedon Megara: neighbor and perpetual enemy of Athens (Solon) Athens bans Megarians from allied ports (432) o Pretext: harboring slaves, infringement on sacred land Megara appeals to Peloponnesian League (Sparta) The Archidamian War (431-21) o Archidamos: leading Spartan general in 430-20s Initially opposes war; invades Attika repeatedly o Outbreak of war Failed negotiations: Athens refuses to give up empire, Perikles 431: Thebes (Spartan ally) attacks Plataia (Athenian ally) = WAR o Perikles’ strategy Rely on fleet and walls Abandon countryside to Spartan raids o Plague at Athens Almost inevitable effect of concentrating population within walls Massive casualties, including death of Perikles (429)
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course CLA 2100 taught by Professor Marks during the Fall '07 term at University of Florida.

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October 26 - October 26, 2007 The Peloponnesian War...

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