David Kang Presentation - David Kang Hierarchy and Stability in Asian International Relations in G John Ikenberry and Michael Mastunduno eds

David Kang Presentation - David Kang Hierarchy and...

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David Kang“Hierarchy and Stability in Asian International Relations”in G. John Ikenberry and Michael Mastunduno, eds., International Relations Theory and the Asia-Pacific (New York: Columbia University Press, 2003)pp. 163-189.Kaity Houk
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summaryDavid Kang
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3 Core ArgumentsThe logic of a hierarchic international or regional system,Showing only a slight modification of RealismExamining six centuries of Asian international relations,Showing that this system has successfully functioned in the pastA hierarchic perspective explains three puzzles from the current era that realism has difficulty explaining
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Problems with Realist TheoryRealists see “wide disparities in economic and military power among nations in the region, the broad range of political systems that range from democracy to totalitarian, and the lack of international institutions” and predict intense rivalry and instability (163).Realism assumes EITHER anarchy OR hierarchy
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Central Assumptions of ConstructivismSame Neorealist Assumptions:Nation-states are the unit of analysisAnarchic systemPower & Geography determine Preferences & PositionRelative position matters in hierarchyHigh mistrust in international systemPrimary concern is survival, secondary concern is economics
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Central Assumptions of ConstructivismHowever…Constructivists see Asian nations “reverting to a pattern of hierarchy, [resulting in] increased stability”Also, “the absence of hierarchy leads to conflict”Constructivists recognize that nation-states are not equal on the international stageEquality and hierarchy can exist under
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Central Assumptions of ConstructivismTherefore…
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