David Kang article notes - David Kang Hierarchy and Stability in Asian International Relations(pp 163-189[Constructivist THE PUZZLE > Realists see wide

David Kang article notes - David Kang Hierarchy and...

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David Kang, “Hierarchy and Stability in Asian International Relations” (pp. 163-189) [Constructivist] THE PUZZLE > Realists see “wide disparities in economic and military power among nations in the region, the broad range of political systems that range from democracy to totalitarian, and the lack of international institutions” and predict intense rivalry and instability (163). > Constructivists see Asian nations “reverting to a pattern of hierarchy, [resulting in] increased stability” Also, “the absence of hierarchy leads to conflict” 3 Sections of Kang’s essay: The logic of a hierarchic international or regional system, Showing only a slight modification of Realism Examining six centuries of Asian international relations, Showing that this system has successfully functioned in the past A hierarchic perspective explains three puzzles from the current era that realism has difficulty explaining I. ANARCHY AND HIERARCHY IN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS > Constructivism begins with the same neorealist assumptions: Nation-states are the unit of analysis Anarchic system Power & Geography determine Preferences & Position Relative position matters in hierarchy High mistrust in international system Primary concern is survival, secondary concern is economics > Realism assumes EITHER anarchy OR hierarchy Constructivists recognize that nation-states are not equal on the international stage Equality and hierarchy can exist under anarchy > IF nations understand that the central state had no territorial or overweening ambitions, and
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