September 5 - September 5, 2007 The End of the Mycenaen...

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September 5, 2007 The End of the Mycenaen World General collapse o 1300-1100: gradual, progressive collapse of Eastern Mediterranean o Egypt: end of New Kingdom (c1200) “Sea Peoples” invasion o Mesopotamia: end of Middle Babylonian Empire o Hittites: end of empire (c1600-1205) 1204 – inscriptions cease abruptly o Destruction elsewhere: Cyprus, Syria, Assyria, Levant o Explanation: waves of migrant populations destabilize fragile system, general unrest for several generations Final Phase 1300-1100 o Shift to east o Defensive works, scaling back work at palaces Objects no longer left in graves Stouter swords Protect water supply Shaft Graves covered o Gradual destruction events General path west to east and north to south Linear B – send stuff to “watchers on the coast” Mycenae granary destroyed by fire in 1150 Not rebuilt Less destructive evidence on Crete o Cyprus – outpost and renewal spot of Hellenistic culture BA pottery persisted
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September 5 - September 5, 2007 The End of the Mycenaen...

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