Chapter 5 Chemistry Notes

Binary acids hydrogen one nonmetal are named as if

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Unformatted text preview: formula e.g. HNO2 is nitrous acid (NO2- is nitrite). Write word acid at end of all names HCl (aq) is named hydrochloric acid H2S (aq) is named hydrosulfuric acid H2Se (aq) is named hydroselenic acid Hydro - meaning it dissolves in water. 8 9/10/2013 Example: Naming oxyacids H2SO3(aq) Example: Naming oxyacids H2SO4(aq) 1. Identify the anion 1. Identify the anion SO42− = sulfate 2. If the anion has –ate suffix, change it to –ic. If the anion has –ite suffix, change it to -ous SO3 = SO32− = sulfite 2. If the anion has –ate suffix, change it to –ic. If the anion has –ite suffix, change it to -ous SO42− = sulfate ⇒ sulfuric 3. Write the name of the anion followed by the word acid SO32− = sulfite ⇒ sulfurous 3. Write the name of the anion followed by the word acid sulfuric acid (kind of an exception, to make it sound nicer!) Name the Following sulfurous acid Give the formula of the following HBr (aq) Hydriodic acid HI (aq) Hydrobromic acid H3PO4 Carbonic acid phosphoric acid H2CO3 Given ClO3- is a chlorate ion: Chl...
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